What is Ethical Hacking ?
Ethical Hacking is also known as White hat Hacking or Penetration Testing . Ethical hacking involves an authorized attempt to gain unauthorized access to a computer system or data. Ethical hacking is used to improve the security of the systems and network by fixing the vulnerability found while testing.
Ethical hackers improve the security posture of an organization. Ethical hackers use the same tools, tricks and techniques that malicious hackers used, but with the permission of the authorized person. The purpose of ethical hacking is to improve the security and to defend the systems from attacks by malicious users.
Benefits of Ethical Hacking ?
The primary benefit of ethical hacking is to prevent data from being stolen and misused by malicious attackers, as well as:
- Discovering vulnerabilities from an attacker’s POV so that weak points can be fixed.
- Implementing a secure network that prevents security breaches.
- Defending national security by protecting data from terrorists.
- Gaining the trust of customers and investors by ensuring the security of their products and data.
- Helping protect networks with real-world assessments.
Types of Ethical Hacking ?
It is no big secret that any system, process, website, device, etc, can be hacked. In order to understand how the hack might happen and what the damage could be, ethical hackers must know how to think like malicious hackers and know the tools and techniques they are likely to use.
Web Server Hacking
Types of Hacking/Hackers
Hackers are of different types and are named based on their intent of the hacking system. Broadly, there are two types in hacking/hacker- White-Hat hacker and Black-Hat hacker. The names are derived from old spaghetti westerns, where the good guy wears a white hat and the bad guy wears a black hat.
White Hat Hacker
A White Hat hacker tests systems and networks by trying to break into them. They are hackers, but their talents are being used to improve Cyber Security.
Black Hat Hacker
A black hat hacker is typically one that engages in cybercrime operations and uses hacking for financial gain, cyber espionage purposes or other malicious motives, like implanting malware into computer systems. If playback doesn’t begin shortly, try restarting your device.
Gray Hat Hacker
Gray hat hackers enact a blend of both black hat and white hat activities. Gray hat hackers often look for vulnerabilities in a system without the owner’s permission or knowledge. If issues are found, they report them to the owner, sometimes requesting a small fee to fix the problem.